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(Reuters) – New U.S. sanctions against Iran took effect on Tuesday and President Donald Trump, who defied Washington’s allies to impose them, pledged that companies doing business with Tehran would be barred from doing business with the United States.
FILE PHOTO: Iranian President Hassan Rouhani disembarks from a plane upon his arrival at the airport in Zurich, Switzerland, July 2, 2018. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann/File Photo
Following are comments and responses from companies in Europe which last year did far more business with Tehran than U.S. firms did:
(Entries are listed with most recent first)
DENMARK’S HALDOR TOPSOE
Danish engineering company Haldor Topsoe, one of the world’s leading industrial catalyst producers, on Aug. 8 said it would cut around 200 jobs from its workforce of 2,700 due to the sanctions.
SWITZERLAND’S STADLER RAIL
Swiss railway company Stadler Rail has put the brakes on plans for an underground railway system in Tehran.
“As part of an international tender, Stadler submitted an offer to the Iranian Industrial Development and Renovation Organization (IDRO) and signed a letter of intent in February this year,” Stadler Rail said on Aug. 7.
“These negotiations have now been frozen and the project put on hold.”
According to reports, the group had signed a letter of intent to deliver 960 subway cars in what amounted to a $1.4 billion deal.
German car and truck manufacturer Daimler has dropped plans to expand its Iran business.
“We have ceased our already restricted activities in Iran in accordance with the applicable sanctions”, Daimler said on Aug. 7.
In early 2016, Daimler established a joint venture with vehicle manufacturer and dealer Iran Khodro Co to make and distribute Mercedes-Benz trucks in the country.
PSA and RENAULT
Peugeot manufacturer PSA began taking steps in June to suspend its joint venture activities in Iran while rival Renault has said it will adhere to the U.S. sanctions regime.
Both had until Aug 6 to wind down their operations.
A Renault spokesman said the company had no comment to make beyond what Chief Operating Officer Thierry Bollore said in July, when he told analysts: “As we comply fully with U.S. sanctions, it’s likely that our development would be put on hold.”
After the nuclear accord was agreed in 2015 both PSA and Renault moved swiftly to sign new production deals to upgrade their pre-sanctions partnerships in Iran.
PSA signed production deals worth 700 million euros, while Renault announced a new plant investment to increase production capacity to 350,000 vehicles a year.
Total has said it will quit the multibillion-dollar South Pars gas project if it cannot secure a waiver from the U.S. sanctions – a request French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said last month had been rejected along with others by French corporations. [nL5N1SN5HZ ]
Total signed a contract in 2017 to develop Phase II of the South Pars field with an initial investment of $1 billion and has not yet said what it will do with its 30 percent stake should it pull out. It has until Nov 4 to wind down its Iran operations, barring any surprise exemption.
Turboprop aircraft maker ATR on Aug 6 confirmed it had delivered five more planes to IranAir shortly before Washington imposed new sanctions but still faces difficulties obtaining U.S. permission to hand over another seven on order.
Drugmaker Sanofi said it was premature to say if there will be any impact on its operations in Iran.
Sanofi announced in early 2016 that it had signed an MoU with Tehran aimed at bolstering its presence in Iran. Medicines were exempted from the original nuclear sanctions although shipping drugs into the country was difficult.
“We will continue to monitor the situation closely, assess the impact of the recently reintroduced economic sanctions and continue to work to ensure that patients in Iran can be provided with our innovative medicines, diagnostics and diabetes products,” the Swiss drugs company said.
Nestle sees no direct fallout from renewed U.S. sanctions on Iran.
Nestle Iran has its headquarters in Tehran and two factories: one in Qazvin that produces infant cereals and infant formula, and a bottled water factory in Polour.
The company has 818 employees and imports a limited range of Nestle products from abroad, it said.
Editing by Keith Weir and Jason Neely